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ISSN 2587-814X (print),
ISSN 2587-8158 (online)

Russian version: ISSN 1998-0663 (print),
ISSN 2587-8166 (online)

Natalya Lychkina 1
  • 1 National Research University Higher School of Economics, 20 Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation

Synergetics and development processes in socio-economic systems: Search for effective modeling constructs

2016. No. 1(35). P. 66–79 [issue contents]

Natalya N.Lychkina - Associate Professor, Department of Information Systems and Technologies in Logistics, National Research University Higher School of Economics
Address: 20, Myasnitskaya Street, Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation
E-mail: nlychkina@hse.ru

      This paper explores the genesis of socio-economic processes of strategic development of social transformations in a transition economy. The author studies the system patterns and structural and dynamic aspects of developing socio-economic systems, defining the need for appropriate modeling methods. Restrictive features of traditional mathematical modeling are analyzed.
      Synergetics is applied as a theoretical and methodological fundamental of research and modeling of developing socio-economic systems. Modeling social behavior, individual choice, various forms of social interaction and self-organization processes are recognized to be significant aspects. Searching for methods of model description is based on carrying out interdisciplinary research in the field of economic and social sciences, using modern paradigms (system dynamics, agent-based computer simulation) and simulation technologies and analysis of their possibilities in the study of the dynamic aspects of the development processes in socio-economic systems. A general concept of simulation of developing socio-economic systems based on the principles of stratification is proposed: the micro-level reproduces individual decisions of social and economic agents, as well as the collective organizational forms; and the macro-level describes processes of evolution. The interpretation of the interactions between socio-economic configurations is based on analysis of causal dependencies and dynamic manifestations of the interpenetration of phenomena occurring in different strata of the social system. It offers methods of combining composite system-dynamic and agent-based models, allowing us to investigate the dynamics of socio-economic processes by a cyclical interaction of processes of individual and group behavior of economic and social agents at the micro level with the basic processes of socio-economic system at the macro level.
      The basic directions of development of technologies of simulation in procedures and strategic decision support systems are defined as follows: a computer dynamic scenario analysis based on a generalized simulation model of the control object; a model of balance of interests in the procedures of coordination of scenarios and interests of the participants of the process of social design; a stratified description of the model set with the use of ontologies; methods of parameterization of models of socio-economic systems and the specifications of agents.

Citation: Lychkina N.N. (2016) Synergetics and development processes in socio-economic systems: Search for effective modeling constructs. Business Informatics, no. 1 (35), pp. 66–79. DOI: 10.17323/1998-0663.2016.1.66.79.
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